Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. It prefers full sun and can be grown in a wide range of soil conditions. Monarch butterflies lay their eggs exclusively on plants in the milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae), usually on the underside of a leaf. Photo © 2020 Mary Free, In experiments with nine milkweed species, monarch egg counts were highest on Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed). Milkweeds are probably best known for the white “milk” or latex that is exuded from the plant when a leaf or stem is broken. Virginia Native Milkweed Species. As such, milkweed is critical for the survival of monarchs. When the flowers of summer wane, pollinators move on to late bloomers, such as the mistakenly maligned native thistles. But you may be asking, “should I prune milkweed.” Milkweed pruning isn’t really necessary, but deadheading milkweed can enhance appearance and encourage further flowering. “Poke” is a paper bag or sack, for example, but “poke weed” was listed as one of many wild flowers. Asclepias exaltata There are several species of milkweed in our area; the flowers might be pink, red, orange, green or white. Amazon.com : 40 Asclepias Syriaca Common Milkweed Virginia Silkweed - Butterfly Flower Seed - Zone 3A - 9B ~!! May I reblog your post as a guest blog on my site? Imagine being a pollinator drawn to a fragrant flower that offers abundant nectar. Let me know please at pineoakes@gmail.com. Without it, they cannot complete their life cycle and their populations decline. contributors include: Committee Members: Leslie Cameron, Tyler Ormsby, Marilyn Thomson, & Rachel Vecchio I can enjoy them just the way they are! I’m sure my readers would love to see it. Monarchs migrate from the northeast through Northern Virginia in September and October on their … Having both plants in a landscape would be advantageous to monarchs, because if a season is wetter or drier or hotter than normal, then at least one of these milkweed species should still perform well and be a viable and healthy host. After some additional research (i.e., I found a photo of a bee with similar things on its legs while surfing the Internet), it seems that those structures are milkweed pollinia and not parasitic growths. I had listed only about seven of the more prominent ones that I know about. Monarch butterflies do not place all of their eggs in one basket: oviposition on nine Midwestern milkweed species. http://www.invitationtothegarden.WordPress.com, Follow VIRGINIA WILDFLOWERS on WordPress.com. Some species grow exclusively in specific regions while others will thrive in jus… Virginia grows several milkweed species commonly found in fields and meadows growing wild. Below is a partial list of monarch-friendly plants native to Virginia thrive and, once established, are drought and deer resistant. There are over a hundred different milkweed varieties in the United States. Its leaves are poisonous to many animals, but are the main food source for monarch caterpillars. The milk can be toxic if ingested, although some people say that milkweed can be eaten if the plants are young and the cook who prepares them uses special precautions. Free Milkweed plant with every plant order placed this month!!! Drooping umbels arise from the upper leaf axils, Leaves are simple, broadly elliptic, with smooth edges, Poke Milkweed: 5 petals that bend backwards around a central crown of 5 incurved “hoods”; each has a horn that is longer than the hood. ), then you will find yourself carrying pollen-filled, saddlebag-like sacs (paired pollinia attached to the corpusculum by translator arms). It is not as attractive to those with small gardens, however, as it can be unruly and spread very aggressively by rhizomes. In your hurry to sip from the nectar pool, you falter on the flower’s slippery, uneven surface and your leg slips into a crevice (the stigmatic slit). Monarch butterfly feeding on a milkweed plant at Big Meadow in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia, USA. . Thousands Of Monarch Butterflies Are Headed Straight For Virginia This Spring. Click here for more info. Swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata) and butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa) are two other kinds of milkweed which attract monarchs. We support local growers and hope you seek out native varieties. & Hellmich, R.L. If you are hungry and hasty (and keep slipping into stigmatic slits), then the pollinia you carry can multiply quickly and weigh you down. Milkweeds (Asclepias) get their name from the sticky white sap that oozes from the leaves when they are damaged. I’ve often come up on this term in novels set in the Smokey Mountains, especially IF THE CREEK DON’T RISE by Leah Weiss. South Central Ecoregions include: 255, 315, 311, 251, 331, and 332. I am feeling very embarrassed I am reliably informed that what I was saying is dogbane which we do not have in New Zealand On Sat, 29 Apr 2017 at 9:35 AM, Jacqui Knight, MBNZT wrote: > So much common milkweed growing beside the freeway in parts of Virginia - > for example I81 I think Winchester to Charlottesville. If that is in a different flower of the same species, then you have achieved cross-pollination. Poke milkweed flowers follow this pattern, and in this case, the horns are longer than the hoods. Some milkweed plants are listed as Class Number One noxious weeds in certain areas and should not be planted. Milkweed is a native perennial herb with milky sap and leaves opposite or whorled, simple and entire;the flowers are in umbels, purple to greenish white; the fruit is a follicle, with numerous seeds, each with a tuft of silky hairs.. When the plant is in bloom, drooping umbels of white flowers emerge from the upper leaf axils. – kaufen Sie dieses Foto und finden Sie ähnliche Bilder auf Adobe Stock Rather than make assumptions about where milkweed occurs, researchers conducted a census. Subscribe to our website! At least 8 species of milkweed in this genus are native to Fairfax County. It may self-seed here. Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic, Virginia Cooperative Extension Publications, Virginia Cooperative Extension – Alexandria Office, Virginia Cooperative Extension – Arlington Office. However, this is not a native milkweed to the United States so I do not recommend planting this. wasp with some odd structures on its legs. Pawpaw has nodding, leathery, cup-shaped flowers w, Pawpaw is a small, short-trunked tree or multi-ste, Master Gardener Organizations in Virginia, Teaching Garden at Fairlington Community Center, Master Gardener Tribute Garden at Fairlington Community Center, Organic Vegetable Garden at Potomac Overlook Regional Park, Educational Videos from Glencarlyn Library Community Garden, Tried & True Native Plants for the Mid-Atlantic, Planting Dates for Arlington and Alexandria, Select On-Line References for Kitchen Gardening, Gardening Basics for Arlington & Alexandria, VA, Community Gardens in Arlington & Alexandria, Between the Rows – A Guide to Vegetable Gardening, Creating Inviting Habitats for the Birds, Butterflies & Hummingbirds, The Perils of Pollinia and More about Milkweed , In experiments with nine milkweed species, Insect Pollinators of 12 Milkweed (Asclepias) Species, Milkweed Pollination Biology (Asclepias spp.). Editors: Steven Bell, Margaret Brown, Brigitte Coulton, Kimberly Marsho, Marsha Mercer,  & Christa Watters Milkweed flower. Note the 5 petals that are bent backwards and the 5 white hoods, each bearing a single white, curved “horn” that is longer than the hood. It grows 3 to 6 feet in height and bears large, smooth leaves that are opposite and broadly elliptic in shape. They require different habitats–swamp milkweed tolerates wetter soil, clay, and some shade while butterfly-weed tolerates dry/poor soil and drought but prefers full sun. This list does not contain all varieties of milkweed, just the best kinds of milkweed to support monarchs in your region. However, if you chose to be a honey bee (Apis mellifera), a brown-belted bumble bee (Bombus griseocollis), or a digger wasp (Sphex ichneumoneus, S. pensylvanicus), then congratulations! ), of course, is the host plant for monarch butterflies. Good news, nature enthusiasts! Asclepias incarnata, swamp milkweed - Leaves are critical for the egg and larvae stages. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The inner whorl is known as the corolla, above that is the corona, and the outermost whorl of sepals is the calyx. Butterfly Weed, Asclepias tuberosa Clasping milkweed, Asclepias amplexicaulis Common Milkweed, Asclepias syriaca Fewflower milkweed, Asclepias lanceolata Fourleaf milkweed, Asclepias quadrifolia Green comet milkweed, Asclepias viridiflora Longleaf milkweed, Asclepias longifolia. They were, however, more successful pollinators when they visited other milkweed species. Whether you call it Asclepias or milkweed, the genus consists of more than 100 species of evergreen or deciduous, clump-forming or spreading perennials. Laden Sie lizenzfreie "Blüten der Gemeinen Milkweed (oder Schmetterlingsblume, Seidenweed, Seidenschwalbenkraut, Virginia Silkweed) in Innsbruck, Österreich. Butterfly Weed, Asclepias tuberosa Clasping milkweed, Asclepias amplexicaulis Common Milkweed, Asclepias syriaca Fourleaf milkweed, Asclepias quadrifolia Green Antelopehorn, Asclepias viridis Green comet milkweed, Asclepias viridiflora Horsetail milkweed, Asclepias subverticillata Longleaf milkweed, Asclepias longifolia. As for me, I think I’ll pass on the eating part! Webmaster: Elena Rodriguez. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. ( Log Out /  If you can not find a local suplier or resource become one. 7. Asclepias exaltata. But native milkweed plants–Asclepias incarnata, A. tuberosa, and A. syriaca are still a hub of insect activity in the… Its elongated blooms are white with a tinge of purple at the base. In addition, milkweed is famous for the community of other insects (especially beetles and spiders) that exclusively make the milkweed plant their home. A monarch butterfly moves around a milkweed plant in Cedar Rapids in this archive photo from July 23, 2015. Pink blossoms provide nectar from July through August. At the time I suspected the weird things were fungal growths. I only recommend planting milkweed that is native to your area. The flowers may be shaded purplish or green. A. incarnata (swamp milkweed) which is mostly limited to river bottoms and A. tuberosa (butterfly weed) which can be found along roadsides and in some grasslands are also used by monarchs. Of those 15 species, A. tuberosa and A. incarnata tend to be the most commonly grown in the ornamental garden. Consider Asclepias incarnata and Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly-weed), both of which are better behaved in smaller gardens. Monarchs migrate from the northeast through Northern Virginia in September and October on their way back to Mexico. Asclepias eriocarpa. It also is not quite as attractive to monarchs as a host plant. In addition to milkweeds, adult monarchs need sources of nectar almost year-round. Below is a list of different types of milkweed and their native regions. More than 100 species of this herbaceous perennial are native to the U.S. and Canada. Growing the plants will attract and feed these beautiful butterflies. I will do my best to note this, but laws and classifications change from time to time, so you might want to check with your local town, municipality, or province to see which milkweeds are safe to plant, and which are not allowed. Milkweeds exude a white, milky juice from broken or cut surfaces. During this time, adult monarchs may feed on milkweed flowers, but they usually have many other nectar choices. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Monarch egg counts were higher when more than one species was present. There are several species of milkweed in our area; the flowers might be pink, red, orange, green or white. They attract butterflies and a … Northeast Region Asclepias purpurascens (Purple Milkweed) in particular is classified as Imperiled in Virginia (VA_DCR), and because it is a host plant for Monarchs, protecting the plant is an important part of conserving the natural habitat of Huntley Meadows Park. A. syriaca is said to be the most fragrant milkweed and produces nectar both day and night, which is extremely attractive to pollinators. All milkweed flowers have a unique structure: there are 5 petals that bend backwards around a central crown of 5 incurved “hoods” that sometimes bear a single “horn”. Just enter your email address below and click "sign me up" to get notified of new updates to our site via email. So that’s what a poke weed is! It grows 3 to 6 feet in height and bears large, smooth leaves that are opposite and broadly elliptic in shape. Photo © Henry Staples and Claudia Gerwin. ( Log Out /  Allow the collected seeds to dry for a week or two, then store your milkweed seed pods in the garage, a refrigerator, or a cool dry place indoors. Click on each photo to see large images and detailed information. Pictured here is a white species called poke milkweed or tall milkweed. Change ). Flora of Virginia lists 15 members of the genus that are native to this state. If you imagined yourself as a butterfly, those delicate legs would have had a low success rate in removing the pollinia. Common milkweed and bloodflower will often self-seed in Hampton Roads and other areas in Virginia, depending upon winter weather. You still have to break the translator arm though in order to fly on your way. Ihr wissenschaftlicher Name ist Asclepias Syriaca, die in den USA, Kanada und Europa beheimatet ist.. Stockfotos 375599698 aus Depositphotos‘ Kollektion von Millionen erstklassiger Stockfotos, Vektorbilder und Illustrationen mit … Eastern tiger swallowtail and a bumble bee feed on Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed) at the Monarch Waystation in historic Ball-Carlin Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia in June. in Virginia Kevin W. Bradley, Postdoctoral Research Associate Paul Davis, Extension Agent Edward S. Hagood, Jr., Extension Weed Scientist; Virginia Tech Table 1. 2. If you manage to escape without losing a claw or worse (OUCH! Asclepias tuberosa, butterfly weed - Leaves are food during the egg and larvae stages. Female monarchs deposit their eggs on milkweed during the breeding season (late spring through summer in Northern Virginia) and their caterpillars devour the leaves as they grow. ( Log Out /  Don’t cut milkweed until the end of September at the earliest. Milkweed is a hardy and essential addition to any butterfly garden, especially for those wanting to attract monarch butterflies. Graphics: Marilyn Thomson As you fight to free yourself, something (the corpusculum) clasps your leg. Orange blossoms pro… Asclepias are prone to several insect pests. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Tall green milkweed is not commonly grown in gardens, but can be found in prairies, meadows, and wildflower fields. During this time, adult monarchs may feed on milkweed flowers, but they usually have many other nectar choices. Monarch larvae feed exclusively on milkweeds, the majority in the genus Asclepias. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic Enjoy this lovely video on Milkweed Pods, Bugs and Monarchs! Better get busy because you have plenty of pollinia to deliver…. If you require more Asclepias plants then you should (very) carefully take root cuttings in the spring. …that is unless you pictured yourself as a small pollinator. The leaves of the butterfly milkweed are stiff and lance-shaped. The MGNV website is maintained and created by the MGNV Social Media Committee with input from MGNV and VCE. Many have adapted to different regions of the country and a wide range of climates and terrains, from deserts and rocky areas to marshes and open prairies. Pictured here is a white species called poke milkweed or tall milkweed. It is most easily distinguished from other species by the vibrant magenta color of its flowers, but also by the strong downward point to its horns. 1. Click here for our personalized seedpacks. The length and timing of flowering also differs somewhat. In those studies, the prize for worst pollinator, but best nectar robber goes to the 865 American bumble bees (B. pensylvanicus) that visited Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed) and extracted only four pollinia among them. They require the sustenance of nectar-rich, late-season bloomers like asters (e.g., Symphyotrichum novae-angliae, S. oblongifolium), goldenrod (Solidago spp. Share your knowledge, plants and seeds. Photo © 2020 Mary Free. ), and native thistle so they have the energy they need to make the journey. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Back in April I posted an image of a Sphex sp. out Virginia reveal that similar levels of season-long honeyvine milkweed suppression may be achieved Identification and Control of Honeyvine Milkweed (Ampelamus albidus (Nutt.) See the photo at right. There are many “biotic” interactions involving these insects, so the plant has been studied extensively as a microcosm of ecological principles. Unlike many other flowers that have two whorls, milkweeds have three whorled flowers. It is in the genus Asclepias, the milkweeds. A leafcutter bee (Megachile) carrying pollinia. The majority of these are available at native plant nurseries. Where is Milkweed Found? Studies showed that they were the most effective pollinators of various milkweed plants, although honey bees likely left more parts behind. Milkweed Plant Varieties for Butterflies. In choice experiments with four milkweed species, monarch “females laid 1.7 times more eggs on A. incarnata than on Asclepias syriaca…, 14.9 times more eggs than on A. tuberosa…Females laid nine times more eggs on A. syriaca than on A. tuberosa.” (Pocius, 2018), Monarch butterfly on Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed) in July. Pocius, V.M., Debinski, D.M., Pleasants, J.M., Bidne, K.G. Also be sure you buy insecticide-free plants. The milkweed being discussed was the tropical variety most widely available in the usual stores, Asclepias curassavica, known commonly as Scarlet or Tropical milkweed. You can rid yourself of these sacs during a flower visit if a pollinium slips into a stigmatic slit where the stigmatic chamber is empty. By Theresa Dellinger. They become poisonous themselves if eaten by predators. Butterfly milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa)grows 1-3 feet tall and has flat-topped clusters of orange flowers. Tropical milkweed (Asclepias curassavica): Tropical milkweed, sometimes called blood flower, is not a native milkweed, nor is it hardy in the Mid-Atlantic. You are the most important part of our Mission. West Virginia Native Milkweed Species. I hope that you enjoyed this guide on Asclepias. The slit is lined with bristles that restrict your movements so that the only way out is up. Description. ( Log Out /  And what a coincidence your post is for me! Ongoing research points to problems with this plant that are mounting as time goes by including increased presence of the deadly parasite OE, (Ophryocystis elektroscirrha). Unlike most flowers whose pollen grains are loose and powdery, the pollen of milkweeds and orchids is bound together and transferred in a single unit, a pollinium. Female monarchs deposit their eggs on milkweed during the breeding season (late spring through summer in Northern Virginia) and their caterpillars devour the leaves as they grow. Britt.) Milkweed (Asclepias spp. Henrico County Virginia 2 Responses The best species of milkweed for monarch butterfly caterpillars is considered to be common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca). In addition to writers & photographers credited through bylines (Mary Free, Judy Funderburk, Elaine Mills, Christa Watters & Susan Wilhelm), From your pictures, I can see why this milkweed is called “poke weed” because the little hanging flowers look like tiny paper sacks! When the… I just wrote about milkweed this week, called “Seeds in Silk” at http://www.invitationtothegarden.WordPress.com. Would you like to give seed packs to all your friends and family? Monarch Butterfly Loves It : Flowering Plants : Garden & Outdoor Milkweed is very easy to look after, pinch back the heads when about 12 cm high, this will tell auxin hormones to make more heads (instead of having a single flower). Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Promoting environmentally sound gardening practices for over 35 years! Cirsium discolor (field thistle) appears in the foreground and Penstemon digitalis ‘Husker Red,’ (beardtongue) and Echinacea purpurea (purple coneflower) in the background. South and West Texas are home to numerous milkweed species but their use by monarchs is not well documented. In that case you might still be trapped inside the flower and will probably perish. 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Yourself as a microcosm of ecological principles me, I think I ’ m sure my readers would love see.